Explanation of Statistics and Dismissal Types


Mat Matches
  • Number of times a player appears for his team.
  • Separate tallies kept for Test, ODIs and T20s - as they are for every other statistic.
  • If a player is 12th man (substitute fielder) for a match then that match does not count towards his total - nor do ant catches he takes while on the field.
I Innings
  • Number of "at bats" - up to 2 in a Test match, 1 in either ODI or T20.
no Not Out
  • Any batsman not dismissed at the end of a team's innings is "not out".
  • A batsman who retires hurt and does not return to the field by the end of the team's innings is also "not out".
Runs Runs
Avg Batting Average
  • The expected number of runs scored each innings.
  • Formula: Avg = Runs / ( Innings-NotOut ).
  • Batting Average can be calculated for an entire career, or any interval you want.
  • Average is undefined if batsman has yet to be dismissed (i.e. NotOut = Innings)
  • Averages are truncated at the 2nd decimal place, not rounded.
  • Specialist batsmen can expected to avreage over 40 in Tests - most of the greats average over 50.
50 Half-
  • An innings between 50-99 runs inclusive, regardless of whether he is dismissed.
100 Centuries
  • Any score of 100 or more is a century.
  • Double (200+) and triple (300+) centuries may be compiled separately, but are still counted as centuries in this field.
  • e.g. Kumar Sangakkara is listed as scoring 38 centuries, including 11 double centuries. One of these double was also a triple-century.
HS High Score
  • An asterisk (*) beside the score means the innings was not out.
Ct Catches
  • Total while the player is either a fielder or wicketkeeper.
  • Catches taken by substitute fielders are not counted.
St Stumped
  • Only made by the wicketkeeper.


  • All matches a player appeared in, whether or not they bowled.
Bls Balls Delivered
  • Total number of legal deliveries (i.e. not a no-ball or wide)
  • HowzStat prefers to total balls, not overs (a sequence of deliveries made by the same bowler from the same end of the pitch), because the length of an over has varied over the history of international cricket.
  • A maiden is an over where no runs are conceded by a bowler, either by a batsman scoring them, or in no-balls and wides.
Runs Runs conceded
  • Runs scored by the batsman are debited to the bowler.
  • Other types of runs (e.g. no-balls, wides, byes, legs-byes) are defined as "extras" and not debited to the bowler
  • A bowler is credited with a wicket if he dismisses the batsman in the following ways: bowled, LBW, caught in the field, stumped, hit wicket.
  • Other dismissal types (e.g. run out, handled ball ...) are not credited as a bowler's wicket.
AvgBowling Average
  • Measures a bowler's wicket taking ability in terms of runs conceded per wicket.
  • The lower the bowling average, the better the bowler (the opposite of the batting average).
  • Champion fast bowlers tend to avreage in the 20s over a career, while slow bowler are higher - usally in the 30s.
  • As with the batting average, bowling averages are truncated at the second decimal place.
5i5 wickets/
  • A "five-for" - the number of times at least 5 wickets is taken by a bowler in an innings.
  • In ODI/T20 format 4 wickets/innings is used by HowzStat
10w10 wickets/
  • The number of times 10 (or more) wickets are taken in a Test match, totalled across the 2 innings of the match.
S/RStrike Rate
  • Another measure of bowler effectiveness: deliveries per wicket (S/R = Bls / W)
  • Topline pace bowlers generally have strike rates of less than 60 in Tests and under 35 in ODI/T20s.
EconEconomy rate
  • Number of runs conceded by a bowler each over.
  • An over is defined as lasting 6 deliveries - for historical figure with varying over lengths the economy rate is derived by calculating average runs per delivery then multiplying by 6.
BBiBest Innings Bowling
  • The best bowling figures in an innings.
  • "Best figures" is the innings with the most wickets, and also the innings with the least runs if the most wickets is equal for more than 1 innings.
BBmBest Match Bowling
  • As per best innings bowling, but the sum of 2 innings in a Test match

† = Dismissals not credited to the bowler.

  • A batsman is "bowled" if the ball delivered by the bowler breaks the stumps behind the batsman - either directly or after contacting the batsman, his equipment or bat.
  • Leg Before Wicket.
  • If the delivered ball strikes the batsman ahead of the stumps, and the umpires judged that the ball would have hit the stumps, then the batsman is dismissed LBW.
  • If a batsman lofts a ball directly to a fielder, who then catches it, then the batsman is out caught.
  • HowzStat compiles 3 categories of caught: apart from the general case of being caught by an outfielder, there is also Caught Wkt (caught by the wicket-keeper) and Caught & Bowled (when the bowler accepts a catch of his own bowling)
Run Out †
  • A player is run out if, when attempting to run, the fielding team succeeds in breaking the stumps with the ball before he regains his ground at either end of the pitch.
  • If a wicket-keeper gathers a delivered ball then breaks the stumps while the batsman is not within his crease, then the batsman is stumped.
  • Only a wicketkeeper can effect a stumping - a fielder close to the batsman may break the stumps in the same context (though the ball will have come off the batsman or bat), but this is a run-out.
Handled Ball †
  • A batsman is dismissed if he wilfully strikes or handles the ball with a hand that is not holding his bat - a rare form of dismissal.
Hit Wicket
  • A batsman is dismissed hit wicket if the batsman breaks the stumps with his bat or body as the ball is delivered by the bowler.
  • There are exceptions if the stumps are broken while the batsman is trying to avoid a ball being thrown or a fielder, or attempting to recover his ground while trying to score a run.
Obstructing the Field †
  • A batsman may not wilfully physically obstruct or distract any member of the fielding team.
  • A very rare method of dismissal (only once in Tests). In practice a batsman is given out this way if they prevent a fielder from taking a catch or making a run out.
  • No batsman has ever been dismissed for Hitting The Ball Twice (†), Timed Out (†) or Retired (†) in an international match.

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